Plagiarism: Crtl+C, Ctrl+V
New to writing? Lesson 1: Don't Copy+Paste. Here are some basic tips on how to avoid plagiarism.
In short, plagiarism is a kind of theft of intellectual property. Let us first understand intellectual property to understand how you can steal this property.
Intellectual property (IP) is a term used to describe the creations of the mind and intelligence. These creations can be inventions, designs, and artistic works. In contrast to a house or a car, IP is an intangible property that is also protected by law. Intellectual property can be divided into two main categories: Industrial property, which includes patents and trademarks, and Copyright, which includes literary works (such as written content, books, novels, poems, stories, and plays), films, musical works, artistic works (such as product designs, drawings, paintings, photographs, and sculptures), and architectural designs. Copyright law grants creators the exclusive right to reproduce, adapt, and publicly perform or authorize others to do so.
Plagiarism is the act of taking someone else's work and presenting it as one's own without giving credit to the original author. It is a form of intellectual property infringement.
Plagiarism is a massive problem in the world today. It is becoming increasingly difficult to differentiate between original content and plagiarized content. The internet has made it easier for people to get away with plagiarizing online content. For example, they can copy an article from a website or blog post and paste it on their own website without giving credit to the original author. It is appalling that even high school and university students, and sometimes even faculty members, are not aware of copyright infringement when they reuse other people's content and pass it off as their own.
Apart from being illegal, plagiarism is ethically and morally wrong, but that is not a deterrent to most people, I suppose. The artistic, creative or intangible works that seem to be freely scattered around the internet, begging to be picked up and reused, result from the creators' labor and are a source of livelihood for them. Displaying a work publicly does not mean permission to theft.
What happens if you plagiarize?
You can be fired
If you are working for an employer, delivering plagiarized content can constitute breach of contract and lead to the loss of your job. Though there are many ways to avoid plagiarizing another person’s work, it can still happen accidentally if you are not careful enough. Even if you commit plagiarism accidentally, it can still result in serious consequences and a tarnished reputation.
You can be expelled
As a student at a school or university, plagiarism is a serious academic offence and dishonesty, that can result in expulsion from school or university.
If you read up on plagiarism in the news, you will find that even reputed and eminent people sometimes end up committing unintentional plagiarism. It does not matter if someone else wrote the material for you, or if you inadvertently copied something, or you forgot to attribute something to the source. Once you are accused of plagiarism, your reputation takes a hit. If you are an academician, the plagiarism could be a part of a larger academic fraud that your student has committed, but you end up with serious consequences for your career.
When is it plagiarism?
You might be wondering if you can use someone else's work without their permission in your content writing, or without citing them in your academic writing. The answer to that question is no. If you are using someone else's work without their permission or without citing them, then you are committing plagiarism. Some of the most common ways people commit plagiarism are by:
Copying sentences word-for-word without quotation marks
Copying sentences without changing them at all
Cutting and pasting paragraphs from other sources
Quoting material without giving credit
Reusing published images without proper credits
Relying on content written by an employee, student or hired freelancer, who provides you plagiarized content
How to avoid Plagiarism?
To avoid plagiarism, always make sure that you cite your sources when using someone else's words or ideas in your own writing and give them credit where it is due. Strive to create your own content and text. Do not be tempted to reuse things from the internet in your work.
There are several ways to avoid plagiarism in your writing:
Be Original. Always write, create, and provide original content. Try to avoid copying content from others. Try to write your own thoughts, ideas, and content. If you need more information on the topic, read it up, understand it and then write your own version. While this may seem like a daunting task at first, it will help you learn how to express your own thoughts and ideas in your own way.
Don't Copy+Paste. Avoid reusing content because it looks impressive without referencing it. Do not write or cite too much information from others' writings and papers when doing research for class assignments or papers just to expand your content. Use what is specific and relevant.
Paraphrase. When you need to copy some content for its relevance, paraphrase it well. Always cite your sources properly and do not cut-and-paste sections of other people's work into your own paper without proper citation.
Cite Your Sources. Even in the “discussions” and “literature review” sections of your paper, try to paraphrase, and don't forget to cite and attribute. Attribute even images or figures to the original creator by proper citation.
Use Plagiarism Checking Apps. Check for plagiarism before submitting your article. Use a plagiarism checker tool like Turnitin or Grammarly or ProWritingAid or Copyscape or any tool your employer or university offers.
Be Informed. Find out if you are allowed to reuse data or content from a source. When you are not sure, write to the owners for permission. Read the copyright terms and conditions of the website, journal, etc., before reusing any content. Enquire when in doubt.
Develop Personal Integrity. Do not repost others' original contents or digital products with a catch-all "credit to original uploader".
Nowadays, awareness of intellectual property rights is enforced at schools and colleges. If your occupation involves writing, then it is vital that you understand how you can avoid plagiarism. The best way to avoid plagiarism is to make sure you are original and to be very wary of plagiarism. If your job involves writing, then it is better to spend a few months or years learning the craft.